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Golden Retriever Dog Breed

by Long Nguyễn
Golden Retriever Dog

Alternate Names

Russian Retriever
Yellow Retriever


Body: Well-muscled and well-balanced with deep well-sprung ribs, level top line, and long, well laid back shoulders.

Coat: Outer coat is firm and flat or wavy with good feathering, undercoat is dense and water-resistant.

Color: Various shades of golden color from light cream to medium golden to fox red. Color becomes lighter with age.

Ears: Moderately short, well-proportioned, set at eye level, somewhat folded, and carried close to the cheeks.

Eyes: Medium to large in size, dark brown with dark tight-fitting rims, wide set and expressively kind and intelligent.

Feet: Round, compact and cat-like with hair growing between the toes.

Head: Well-balanced and powerful with a broad skull, defined stop, straight, wide pointed muzzle and black or brownish black nose.

Legs: Forelegs are strong, straight and well-boned. Hind legs are strong and muscular with well bent stifles and well let down hocks.

Neck: Of medium length, clean and well-muscled with loose-fitting skin.

Weight: 55 – 75 pounds (25 – 34kg)
Height: 21.5 – 24 inches (54.6 – 61cm)

Tail: Thick and strong at the base, carried level or with a slight upward curve.

Golden Retriever Puppies
Golden Retriever Puppies


Recommended for novice dog handlers
Recommended with children
Shed year round
Love to chew – must have lots of toys and chewy treats available
Loves water and swimming

The Golden Retriever is affectionate, kind, patient, loyal, trustworthy and fun-loving. His tolerance for children and his kind demeanor are just part of what make him a wonderful family dog.

AKC Standards say, “A symmetrical, powerful, active dog, sound and well put together, not clumsy nor long in the leg, displaying a kindly expression and possessing a personality that is eager, alert and self-confident.”

He is used extensively as a guide dog for the blind. Also for assisting otherwise disabled people, for search and rescue missions and for drug and bomb detection. He is a versatile breed adaptable to being a working dog or a family dog. He is friendly with everyone, well-mannered and kind-hearted.

Early obedience training is recommended for this robust, enthusiastic dog. He will respond best to positive training with lots of praise and reward-type treats. Treats can be gradually phased out as training progresses. He is a quick learner eager to please but requires patience as he can be easily distracted by his surroundings.

Due to the popularity of the breed some lines are not as amiable as others. Be sure to purchase your Golden from a reputable breeder. Ask for information about the parents to be sure they have a good-natured temperament.

Jingo, the golden I grew up with, was a great family dog. In the winter she would play with my sisters and I for hours. We loved to ride our taboggan down the side of the house in the winter. Jingo, with a little encouragement, would pull the toboggan or sled back up the hill for us. She would also pose for us while we made snow figures of her. In the summer she would spend hours swimming in the lake with my father, when he went snorkeling, occasionally resting on the rocks.

She was also a pro at breaking up cat fights by using her nose to gently flip the cats away from each other interrupting the disturbance without causing injury to the cats. She used her thick facial fur to kill bees by crushing them.

She never had her own litter of pups but she would nurture our kittens letting them curl up with her, play with her tail and even share her food dish. She was highly intelligent with a gentle but protective personality trained to stay in the yard, without a leash or electric fence, and knew several tricks to entertain us with.

A fond memory of a wonderful childhood companion.

Golden Retriever Dog
Golden Retriever Dog

Breed Type

AKC Group: Sporting Group

A gundog bred for retrieving wild fowl

There are various lines of Goldens including: Gundogs, Field Trial dogs, Family dogs, and Service dogs.

The Golden Retriever is used to guide the blind, assist the disabled, for search and rescue missions and for drug detection.

Care and Grooming

Exercise: Daily walks and playful games such as chasing balls or flying saucers will keep him fit and happy.

Grooming: Brush him two to three times weekly and be sure to keep his bottom area well-combed and clean or it will quickly become matted. Keep his ear canals clean and dry.


Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 Years

Possible Problems:
Elbow Dysplasia
Eye disease
Heart disease
Hip Dysplasia
Low Thyroid

Skin problems
vWD – blood disorder

Recommended Certificates:
CERF (eyes)
OFA (hips)

Country of Origin

Great Britain – 1800s

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