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Pomeranian Dog Breed

by Long Nguyễn
Pomeranian Dog Breed

Alternate Names

Deutscher Zwergspitz
Dwarf Spitz
Toy German Spitz

Common nickname: Pom


Body: Small but sturdy with a short back, deep chest, rounded rib cage, and well laid back, moderately muscled shoulders.

Coat: Long, straight, stand-off and frilly topcoat with a soft, dense undercoat.

Color: Thirteen variations including: black, black and tan, brindle, parti-colored, chocolate, chocolate and tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red sable, and sable.

Ears: Small, pointed, triangular-shaped, and held erect.

Eyes: Medium size, slightly oval, set well into the skull, dark with dark rims and expressively bright.

Feet: Small, compact, and well-arched.

Head: Moderately long and fox-like, wide at the back narrowing towards the front with a slightly flat skull and short, straight, muzzle.

Neck: Short and set into well laid back shoulders.

Legs: Forelegs and hind legs are straight, fine-boned, and moderately muscled.

Height is 6 – 7 inches
Weight is 3 – 7 pounds

Tail: Moderately long, high set, plumed, and lying flat over the back.

Pomeranian Puppies White
Pomeranian Puppies White


Recommended for novice dog handlers.
Great with the elderly and children over the age of six.

The Pomeranian is a very large dog, so he thinks! He was originally bred as a medium size dog (approximately 30 pounds), but later bred down to a smaller size dog (approximately 7 pounds), except someone forgot to tell him so he believes he is just as big as ever.

This “large” (3 – 7 pound) dog is loyal, outgoing, strong, energetic, and quite full-of-himself. After all, he was once owned by Queen Victoria and has royalty in his family.

Michele Welton, author of Your Purebred Puppy says he is “Vivacious and spirited, bold and brash, the POM thinks he’s “hot stuff.” He is a sharp-eyed, extroverted busybody who must check out every sight, sound, and activity and preferably tell you what he thinks about it.”

He’s clever, comical, entertaining, and quick to learn anything asked of him. Did I mention he loves to do tricks and was once a performer in the circus?

AKC Standards says, “The Pomeranian is suitable for most any home or environment. It is the ideal family pet, especially endearing to the elderly and bonding well with children over the age of six. Most are highly energetic, vivacious, and untiring, yet they can be gentle, quiet, soft, and loving, and completely content in someone’s lap, thus making them the ideal pet and companion.”

Regardless of his sturdy build he is still a tiny dog who can be easily injured if allowed to jump off of furniture or out of high vehicles. Tiny dogs frequently suffer from broken legs and dislocated knee caps from being stepped on, dropped, or being rolled onto in bed. Be sure to provide steps to his favorite resting spots and supervise young children who aren’t yet aware of how to handle him properly.

Pomeranian Dog
Pomeranian Dog

Breed Type

AKC Group: Toy Group

Originally used as herding dogs (the larger Pomeranian) but he is currently one of the most popular breeds for companionship.

Care and Grooming

Exercise: Moderate exercise with lots of play time.

Grooming: Brush two to three times weekly to avoid matting. Keep his teeth and eyes clean; he’s prone to tarter and his eyes tend to weep.

Pomeranian Dog White
Pomeranian Dog White


Life Expectancy: 15 – 16 Years

Possible problems:
Heart problems
Hip Dysplasia
Loss of teeth
Luxating Patella – dislocation of the knee cap.

Country of Origin

Germany – 1800s

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